Indicators

The indicators used in ClimatePositions are listed and described below. In the menu ‘Calculations (Excel)‘ updates are available with illustrative graphics and multiple calculations. Direct links to data sources are listed in the menu “Sources & Links”.

  1. National CO2 Emissions (carbon dioxide emissions) from fossil fuel use (without bunker) and industrial processes (cement production, carbonate use of limestone and dolomite, non-energy use of fuels and other combustion, chemical and metal processes, solvents, agricultural liming and urea, waste and fossil fuel fires). CO2 Emissions 1990-1999 is the baseline for the calculations. From 2000 all countries with high emissions must approach the same future CO2 Target in order to avoid Climate Debt. The indicators described below however determines the precise level of allowable national CO2 Emissions and the exact size of the Climate Debt per capita. The national CO2 Emissions are updated annually.
  2. The average 10-years global increase in Land/Ocean (air) Temperature, baseline 1880-1937 (set at 0 degrees Celsius). The figure is updated annually in the calculations with a direct impact on the size of the Climate Debt per capita for all countries. Until 2016, the Land (air) Temperature was used as an indicator.
  3. The increase in global Sea Level is set to 14 cm between 1880 and 1993 (there is great uncertainty during this period). This figure is added to the increase since 1993. The total figure is updated annually in the calculations with a direct impact on the size of the Climate Debt per capita for all countries.
  4. CO2 Content in the atmosphere is measured in ppm (parts per million) and is updated annually in the calculations. The updated figure has a direct effect on the future CO2 Target (and the free level of emissions per capita) for all countries.
  5. Global Population is updated annually and has a direct effect on the future CO2 Target (and the Free Emission Level per capita) for all countries.
  6. The National Populations are updated every other year and determine the total contributions by multiplying the Climate Debt per capita.
  7. National Area Use means updated Forest Cover (compared to 1990), Primary Forest (compared to 2000) and updated Marine Protection (compared to 1990). The three indicators have direct effect on the level of allowable national CO2 Emissions and they are usually updated every five years.
  8. National Environmental Performances are updated every other year. The average country scores since the first report in 2004 has direct effect on the level of allowable national CO2 Emissions.
  9. National Ecological Footprints are updated every other year. The average country scores, excluding the carbon footprint, since the first report in 2004 has direct effect on the level of allowable national CO2 Emissions (Free Emission Level).
  10. Nuclear Power is converted into CO2 Emissions as if the Nuclear Energy was produced with oil. The average annual production since 2000, compared to the average annual production in 1992-1999, has direct effect on the level of allowable national CO2 Emissions. Nuclear Power must in other words be phased out at the same rate as the national CO2 Emissions.
  11. GDP(ppp-$) stands for “Gross Domestic Product” (ppp stands for “purchasing power parity”) and the figure indicates the national standard of living. Since 2000 the national annual GDP(ppp-$) affects the size of the Climate Debt, but the recent years counts most (GDP+ in the calculations). Double national GDP+ doubles the Contribution. Subject to modifications in the data source.
  12. Climate Change Funding (deposits) accumulated since 2003 is deducted the calculated Climate Levy in order to find the Climate Debt.