65 Contribution Free countries…GDP-ranked (with Income Equality, Life Expectancy and Environmental Performance)

65 Contribution Free countries…GDP-ranked (with Income Equality, Life Expectancy and Environmental Performance)

65 out of 147 countries with full data in ClimatePositions are Contribution Free (no climate debt). 41% of the world’s population lives in these Contribution Free countries and they emitted only 9% of the global carbon dioxide from fossil fuels in 2012 – without India the corresponding figures are 24% of the global population and 3% of the emissions.

The table below shows the 65 Contribution Free countries ranked by GDP(ppp-$) per capita, with Income Equality (‘Atkinson Index‘), Life Expectancy and Environmental Performance. The world’s average GDP(ppp-$) per capita was $13.791 in 2012. Analysis and comments see below the table – the color codes are explained in the bottom.

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. Contribution GDP(ppp-$) Income Life Environmental
. Free countries per capita Equality Expectancy Performance
. Avg.:$4,424 Avg.: 26 Avg.: 63 Avg.: 74
. . . . . .
1. Cuba $19,474 ÷¹ 79 108
2. Gabon $18,347 20 63 92
3. Azerbaijan $16,166 5 71 109
4. Costa Rica $13,388 34 80 115
5. Colombia $11,840 42 74 100
6. Peru $11,103 31 75 89
7. Albania $10,154 18 77 108
8. Sri Lanka $9,010 20 74 106
9. Mongolia $8,442 12 68 88
10. El Salvador $7,572 34 73 86
11. Bhutan $7,314 25 68 92
12. Guatemala $7,107 43 72 95
13. Paraguay $7,097 35 72 77
14. Morocco $6,897 23 71 102
15. Georgia $6,819 26 74 93
16. Swaziland $6,502 38 49 74
17. Philippines $6,110 25 69 87
18. Congo (Brazz.) $5,730 30 59 78
19. Nigeria $5,535 34 53 77
20. India $5,138 16 66 61
21. Vietnam $4,998 15 76 75
22. Laos $4,465 17 68 79
23. Pakistan $4,437 11 67 68
24. Nicaragua $4,368 31 75 99
25. Moldova $4,223 19 69 105
26. Yemen $3,831 18 63 59
27. Ghana $3,732 27 61 63
28. Sudan $3,607 ÷¹ 62 49
29. Zambia $3,043 43 58 82
30. Kyrgyzstan $2,920 24 68 80
31. Mauritania $2,878 21 62 54
32. Cambodia $2,839 20 72 70
33. Côte d’Ivoire $2,795 28 51 78
34. Cameroon $2,596 23 55 72
35. Papua New Gui. $2,424 ÷ 62 81
36. Bangladesh $2,405 28 71 50
37. Tajikistan $2,361 15 67 62
38. Senegal $2,212 23 63 80
39. Kenya $2,189 36 62 73
40. Nepal $2,155 18 68 73
41. Chad $2,038 21 51 61
42. Afghanistan $1,926 11 61 42
43. Benin $1,716 24 59 64
44. Zimbabwe $1,696 36 60 98
45. Tanzania $1,685 21 62 71
46. Haiti $1,631 48 63 37
47. Mali $1,631 ÷ 55 36
48. Sierra Leone $1,610 31 46 43
49. Gambia $1,604 27 59 58
50. Burkina Faso $1,555 24 56 80
51. Rwanda $1,406 40 64 70
52. Madagascar $1,384 36 65 53
53. Uganda $1,357 27 59 77
54. Togo $1,337 24 57 55
55. Guinea-Bissau $1,251 33 54 71
56. Ethiopia $1,240 10 64 78
57. Guinea $1,237 31 56 55
58. Eritrea $1,200 ÷ 63 51
59. Mozambique $985 28 50 59
60. Centr. Afric. R. $948 28 50 85
61. Niger $899 18 58 71
62. Liberia $796 19 61 47
63. Malawi $753 25 55 79
64. Burundi $750 13 54 51
65. Dem. Rep. Congo $697 31 50 49

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The table above is read as follows with Azerbaijan as an example:

  • The GDP(ppp-$) per capita is $16,166 annually (ranked 3rd).
  • The Income Equality is 5 (the most equal among the listed countries, where 48 is the most inequal).
  • The Life Expectancy is 71 years at birth (the listed countries goes from 46 to 80 years).
  • The Environmental Performance is 109 (the listed countries goes from 36 to 115, where the latter is the best).

The three diagrams below show the correlation between the GDP(ppp-$) per capita and Income Equality, Life Expectancy and Environmental Performance. Generally, prosperity seems unrelated to Income Equality among the Contribution Free countries – however, the national differences are immense. By contrast, both Life Expectancy and Environmental Performance increases significantly along with growing prosperity (what causes what is another matter).

Contribution Free, GDP, Income Equality, b

Contribution Free, GDP, Life Expec, b

Contribution Free, GDP, Environmental Performance, b

The color codes in the table show the deviations from the general trend (shown as a red dashed line in the three diagrams above). Blue is clearly better performance than the generel trend among the 65 Contribution Free countries and the red is clearly worse.

Only the extremely poor Ethiopia perform clearly better than the general trend on all three indicators and only Swaziland perform clearly worse on all three.

¹Data is missing, however, Cuba is slightly more inequal than Bhutan in GPI Gini (25 on the Atkinson list) and Sudan is  slightly more inequal than Chad in GPI Gini (21 on the Atkinson list).

41 countries with 36% of the global population have a climate debt per capita of less than half the world average, which is $769. Along with the 65 Contribution Free countries the 106 countries represent 77% of the global population, 49% of the carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuels and 15% of the climate debt or $772 billion. The remaining 41 countries with 13% of the global population are responsible of 85% of the total climate debt (see the ‘ranking’).

14 countries with missing indicator data are unquestionably also Contribution Free (no climate debt): Somalia, Comoros, Myanmar, Timor-Leste, Solomon Islands, Kiribati, Western Sahara, Occupied Palestinian Ter., Vanuatu, Cape Verde, Sao Tome and Principe, Djibouti and Samoa.

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Information on national GDP(ppp-$) per capita is from ‘Worldbank’.
Data on Income Equality and Life Expectancy are from United Nations Development Programme: ‘Human Development Reports’ (2014) (download all data). Read the definition of the ‘Income Equality Atkinson Index‘. 
National ‘Environmental Performance Index’ is produced by Yale and Columbia University.

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