Climate change performance: 62 countries without Climate Debt (compared to Boycott Group A & B)

Climate change performance: 62 countries without Climate Debt (compared to Boycott Group A & B)

Only 62 countries among 159 with full data in ClimatePositions are without Climate Debt (see the ‘Ranking‘). The 62 countries (Group-62) are in alphabetic order: Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Benin, Bhutan, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Rep., Chad, Colombia, Comoros, Congo (Brazzaville), Costa Rica, Côte d’Ivoire, Cuba¹, Dem. Rep. Congo, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Moldova, Mozambique, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Pakistan, Paraguay, Philippines, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Timor-Leste, Togo, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia and Zimbabwe.

The table below shows Group-62s combined share of the world’s 1) Population, 2) Forest Cover, 3) Primary Forests, and 4) CO2 Emissions from Fossil Fuels (without bunker) and cement production.

In terms of Land Area, Forest Cover and Primary Forests Group-62 is overpopulated, in comparison with world average.


. Global share
Population 21.2%
Land Area 18.3%
Forest Cover 15.6%
Primary Forest 10.8%
CO2 Emissions 2.9%

The next table reveals the extreme differences of per capita CO2 Emissions from Fossil Fuels in three full data country groups: 1) Group-62, 2) Boycott Group A², 3) Boycott Group B³, and 4) Rest Group with 82 countries. The first column shows the average CO2 Emissions in 1990s and the second column shows emissions in 2015.

Paradoxically, only Group-62 has reduced 2015-emissions per capita, compared to 1990s.


. Per capita CO2 Emissions Per capita CO2 Emissions
. of an average country 1990s of an average country 2015
Group-62 0.9 tons 0.8 tons
Boycott Group A² 24.1 tons 24.7 tons
Boycott Group B³ 13.4 tons 14.8 tons
Rest (82 countries) 5.2 tons 5.3 tons

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¹Note that Cuba has recently been excluded from the list due to lack of data on GDP (ppp-$).

²Boycott Group A: Countries with per capita Climate Debts more than 10 times world average: Qatar, Kuwait, Brunei, Luxembourg, Trinidad and Tobago, United Arab Emirates and Oman.

³Boycott Group B: Countries with per capita Climate Debts between 5 and 10 times world average: Saudi Arabia, United States, Bahrain, Australia, Norway, Equatorial Guinea, Canada and South Korea.

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Updated data and diagrams of all ‘Indicators’ and all countries in ClimatePositions are available in the menu ‘Calculations (Excel)‘.
Data on carbon emissions (CO2 Emissions) from fossil fuels (without bunkers) and cement production are from Global Carbon Project (CDIAC); (links in the menu Calculations / Sources & Links).
Data on national Forest Cover and Primary Forests are from United Nations UN (Report: Global Forest Resources Assessments) (links in the menu Calculations / Sources & Links).
Data on national and global Populations is from Worldbank (links in the menu Calculations / Sources & Links).
Picture from COP17 in Durban 2011 is copied from ‘http://www.actionaid.org/img/rich-countries-pay-your-climate-debt‘ (manipulated by Claus Andersen, 2017).

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