The diagram below shows ‘Share of global Climate Debt‘ in 2010, 2015 and 2017 of Austria, Indonesia and Venezuela (ranked 28th, 29th and 30th). In 2015, the shares of each of the three countries were 0.40 or 0.41% of global Climate Debt.
The following exposes the key-data in the Climate Debt calculations: Fossil CO2 Emissions, GDP, Environmental Performance, Ecological Footprint without carbon, Forest Cover, Primary Forests, Population trends and climate change financing. For comparison, Argentina, Thailand and Czech Republic (ranked 31st, 32nd and 33rd in Share of global Climate Debt) are included in some diagrams.
The ‘Per capita Climate Debt‘ accumulated since 2000 of Austria, Indonesia and Venezuela are $3,275, $108 and $870, respectively. The second diagram shows the trends between 2010 and 2017, with world average set at 100, for the three countries as well as of Argentina, Thailand and Czech Republic. The per capita Climate Debt ranking by October 2017 is shown in brackets.
The next three diagrams show Fossil CO2 Emissions from fuels and industrial processes¹, in tons per capita in decades, of Austria, Indonesia and Venezuela. The green bars show the Free Emission Level² – the exceedance is the basis for calculating the national Climate Debt. The grey bars are World emissions average.
CO2 Emissions data 1990-2016 (EDGAR) has been updated October 2017.
The three diagrams below show the per capita Fossil CO2 Emissions from fuels and industrial processes¹, annually since 2000, of the three countries. The green bars show the Free Emission Level². Except for a peek around 2003-2006 the Austrian emissions has been embarrassingly stable for decades. The increase-rate of Indonesia is too high (emissions can increase by 53% by 2020, compared to 1990s), while Venezuela’s reductions are non-existing except since 2012 during economic crisis.
The diagram below shows per capita GDP(ppp-$) of the six countries and the World average. The wealth of Austria is 4.3 times greater than the one of Indonesia.
The next diagram shows the relative Environmental Performance of Austria, Indonesia and Venezuela, with an average World country set at 100. [Added 25-1-2018: See the new ‘Environmental Performance Index 2018‘]
The average per capita Ecological Footprint without carbon, between 2000 and 2013, with an average World country set at 100, of Austria, Indonesia and Venezuela are 143, 61 and 99, respectively. Release years are about four years after data years. Austria’s Climate Debt would have been 2.4% smaller with World average footprint. Note that footprint calculation methods have changed over time. The latest and historic details from the source are available here: ‘Austria‘, ‘Indonesia‘ and ‘Venezuela‘.
Forest Cover and the precious Primary Forests as percentage of total land area, in 1990 and 2015, are important indicators in ClimatePositions. The relatively large Austrian Forest Cover is stable, whereas Primary Forests are still negligible. Indonesia’s forest-loss since 1990 is massive (responsible for 67% of the national Climate Debt). Venezuela’s Forest Cover has decreased significantly, whereas Primary Forests is nearly stable (now covering impressively 95% of the Forest Cover).
The diagrams below show Population density 2016 and growth between 2000 and 2016. Venezuela has the lowest density and the highest growth. The Populations of Austria, Indonesia and Venezuela are about 8.7, 261 and 32 million, respectively.
Finally, the table below shows four key values of Austria, Indonesia, Venezuela, Argentina, Thailand and Czech Republic in the calculation of national Climate Debts in ClimatePositions. The price of CO2 per ton (column two) is for total CO2 Emission from Fossil Fuels (without bunkers) and industrial processes. Climate change financing (column three) is from July 2017.
|.||Tons of CO2||Price per||Climate change||Financing as|
|.||exceeded since||ton CO2||financing||share of|
|.||2000, per capita||since 2000||per capita||Climate Debt|
¹Fossil CO2 Emissions include all anthropogenic emissions from Fossil Fuel (combustion and production) and from industrial processes (cement, steel, liming, urea and ammonia production or consumption). The uncertainty in Fossil CO2 emissions is below 5% for industrialized countries and below 15% for developing countries.CO2 Emissions from international shipping and aviation (bunkers) are not included.
²The Free Emission Level (green bars) is determined by national CO2 Emissions 1990-1999 (base), and 11 more ‘Indicators‘, of which 7 are national and 4 are global.
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