Share of global Climate Debt rank 55th, 56th and 57th: Hungary, Slovakia and Serbia (combined responsible for 0.20% of Climate Debt and 0.41% of Fossil CO2 Emissions 2016)

Share of global Climate Debt rank 55th, 56th and 57th: Hungary, Slovakia and Serbia (combined responsible for 0.20% of Climate Debt and 0.41% of Fossil CO2 Emissions 2016)

The diagram below shows ‘Share of global Climate Debt‘ in 2010, 2015 and 2017 of Hungary, Slovakia and Serbia (ranked 55th, 56th and 57th). The share of Serbia is decreasing, while the shares of Hungary and Slovakia are up and down.

The following exposes the key-data in the Climate Debt calculations: Fossil CO2 Emissions, GDP, Environmental Performance, Ecological Footprint without carbon, Forest Cover, Primary Forests, Nuclear Power, Population trends and climate change financing. For comparison, Slovenia, Belarus and Bulgaria (ranked 58th, 59th, and 60th in Share of global Climate Debt) are included in some diagrams.

The ‘Per capita Climate Debt‘ accumulated between 2000 and 2017 of Hungary, Slovakia and Serbia are $501, $902 and $620, respectively. The second diagram shows the trends since 2000, with world average set at 100, for the three countries as well as of Slovenia, Belarus and Bulgaria. The per capita Climate Debt ranking by October 2017 is shown in brackets.

The next three diagrams show Fossil CO2 Emissions from fuels and industrial processes¹, in tons per capita in decades, of Hungary, Slovakia and Serbia. The green bars show the Free Emission Level² – the exceedance is the basis for calculating the national Climate Debt. The grey bars are World emissions average.

CO2 Emissions data 1990-2016 (EDGAR) has been updated October 2017.

The three diagrams below show the per capita Fossil CO2 Emissions from fuels and industrial processes¹, annually since 2000, of the three countries. The green bars show the Free Emission Level². The reduction-rates of Hungary and Slovakia are far from acceptable, whereas Serbia’s emissions are ups and downs.

The diagram below shows per capita GDP(ppp-$) of the six countries and the World average. The wealth of Slovakia is 2.1 times greater than the wealth of Serbia.

The next diagram shows the relative Environmental Performance of Hungary, Slovakia and Serbia, with an average World country set at 100. [Added 25-1-2018: See the new ‘Environmental Performance Index 2018‘]

The average per capita Ecological Footprint without carbon, between 2000 and 2013, with an average World country set at 100, of Hungary, Slovakia and Serbia are 102, 109 and 82, respectively. Release years are about four years after data years. Note that footprint calculation methods have changed over time. The latest and historic details from the source are available here: ‘Hungary‘, ‘Slovakia‘ and ‘Serbia‘.

Forest Cover and the precious Primary Forests as percentage of total land area, in 1990 and 2015, are also indicators in ClimatePositions. Hungary and Serbia both increased Forest Cover, however, still with zero Primary Forests. Slovakia has nearly stable values, with very little Primary Forests.

The per capita Nuclear Power generation 2000-2016 is shown below (the per capita ranking is shown in brackets). Slovakia and Hungary are the World’s 10th and 14th largest per capita Nuclear Power generator. In the calculation of Climate Debt, Nuclear Power must be phased out similar to Fossil Fuels, calculated as if Nuclear Power was oil-generated. Had Slovakia phased out Nuclear Power accordingly (without any other indicator changes), then the accumulated Climate Debt would have been 27.1% less.

The diagrams below show Population density 2016 and growth between 2000 and 2016. Hungary and Serbia have reduced Populations, while Slovakia’s is unchanged. The Populations of Hungary, Slovakia and Serbia are about 9.8, 5.4 and 7.1 million, respectively.

Finally, the table below shows four key values of Hungary, Slovakia, Serbia, Slovenia, Belarus and Bulgaria in the calculation of national Climate Debts in ClimatePositions. The price of CO2 per ton (column two) is for total CO2 Emission from Fossil Fuels (without bunkers) and industrial processes. Climate change financing (column three) is from July 2017.


. Tons of CO2 Price per Climate change Financing as
. exceeded since ton CO2 financing share of
. 2000, per capita since 2000 per capita Climate Debt
. . . . .
Hungary 14.84 $5.42 $0.61 0.12%
Slovakia 23.51 $7.12 $0.00 0.00%
Serbia 33.31 $5.99 $0.00 0.00%
Slovenia 47.36 $14.39 $2.91 0.14%
Belarus 17.62 $3.78 $0.00 0.00%
Bulgaria 23.78 $4.81 $0.00 0.00%

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¹Fossil CO2 Emissions include all anthropogenic emissions from Fossil Fuel (combustion and production) and from industrial processes (cement, steel, liming, urea and ammonia production or consumption). The uncertainty in Fossil CO2 emissions is below 5% for industrialized countries and below 15% for developing countries.CO2 Emissions from international shipping and aviation (bunkers) are not included.

²The Free Emission Level (green bars) is determined by national CO2 Emissions 1990-1999 (base), and 11 more ‘Indicators‘, of which 7 are national and 4 are global.

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Updated data and diagrams of all ‘Indicators‘ and all countries in ClimatePositions are available in the menu ‘Calculations (Excel)‘.
Data on Fossil CO2 Emissions (excluding international shipping and aviation) and industrial processes (cement, steel, liming, etc.) are from EDGAR (European Commission) (links in the menu Calculations / Sources & Links).
Information on national GDP(ppp-$) per capita: Worldbank (links in the menu Calculations / Sources & Links).
Source on Environmental Performance: Yale and Columbia University (links in the menu Calculations / Sources & Links).
Source on Ecological Footprint: Global Footprint Network (links in the menu Calculations / Sources & Links).
Data on national Forest Cover and Primary Forests are from United Nations UN (Report: Global Forest Resources Assessments) (links in the menu Calculations / Sources & Links).
Data on national Nuclear Power generation: World Nuclear Association (links in the menu Calculations / Sources & Links).
Data on national and global Populations is from Worldbank (links in the menu Calculations / Sources & Links).
PowerPoint collage with flags by Claus Andersen, 2018.

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