The diagram below shows ‘Share of global Climate Debt‘ in 2010, 2015 and 2017 of Estonia, Croatia and Ukraine (ranked 61st, 62nd and 63rd). The shares of Estonia and Ukraine are increasing, whereas the share of Croatia is decreasing.
The following exposes the key-data in the Climate Debt calculations: Fossil CO2 Emissions, GDP, Environmental Performance, Ecological Footprint without carbon, Forest Cover, Primary Forests, Nuclear Power, Population trends and climate change financing. For comparison, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Romania and Lebanon (ranked 64th, 65th, and 66th in Share of global Climate Debt) are included in some diagrams.
The ‘Per capita Climate Debt‘ accumulated since 2000 of Estonia, Croatia and Ukraine are $2,775, $759 and $69, respectively. The second diagram shows the trends between 2010 and 2017, with world average set at 100, for the three countries as well as of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Romania and Lebanon. The per capita Climate Debt ranking by October 2017 is shown in brackets.
The next three diagrams show Fossil CO2 Emissions from fuels and industrial processes¹, in tons per capita in decades, of Estonia, Croatia and Ukraine. The green bars show the Free Emission Level² – the exceedance is the basis for calculating the national Climate Debt. The grey bars are World emissions average.
CO2 Emissions data 1990-2016 (EDGAR) has been updated October 2017.
The three diagrams below show the per capita Fossil CO2 Emissions from fuels and industrial processes¹, annually since 2000, of the three countries. The green bars show the Free Emission Level². The Estonian emissions-level since 2007 is disastrous, while Ukraine’s reduction-rate is nearly adequate.
The diagram below shows per capita GDP(ppp-$) of the six countries and the World average. The wealth of Estonia is around 3.5 times greater than the wealth of Ukraine.
The next diagram shows the relative Environmental Performance of Estonia, Croatia and Ukraine, with an average World country set at 100. All three are performing better than World average. [Added 25-1-2018: See the new ‘Environmental Performance Index 2018‘]
The average per capita Ecological Footprint without carbon, between 2000 and 2013, with an average World country set at 100, of Estonia, Croatia and Ukraine are 231, 109 and 83, respectively. Release years are about four years after data years. The Climate Debt of Estonia would have been 7.9% smaller with World average footprint. Note that footprint calculation methods have changed over time. The latest and historic details from the source are available here: ‘Estonia‘, ‘Croatia‘ and ‘Ukraine‘.
Forest Cover and the precious Primary Forests as percentage of total land area, in 1990 and 2015, are important indicators in ClimatePositions. All three countries have nearly stable values, with very little Primary Forests.
The per capita Nuclear Power generation 2000-2016 of Ukraine, Hungary and Russia are shown below (the per capita ranking is shown in brackets). In the calculation of Climate Debt, Nuclear Power must be phased out similar to Fossil Fuels, calculated as if Nuclear Power was oil-generated. Had Ukraine phased out Nuclear Power accordingly (without changing the other indicators), then the current Climate Debt would have been 63.4% smaller.
The diagrams below show Population density 2016 and growth between 2000 and 2016. Populations of all three countries declined during this period. The Populations of Estonia, Croatia and Ukraine are about 1.3, 4.2 and 45.0 million, respectively.
Finally, the table below shows four key values of Estonia, Croatia, Ukraine, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Romania and Lebanon in the calculation of national Climate Debts in ClimatePositions. The price of CO2 per ton (column two) is for total CO2 Emission from Fossil Fuels (without bunkers) and industrial processes. Climate change financing (column three) is from July 2017.
|.||Tons of CO2||Price per||Climate change||Financing as|
|.||exceeded since||ton CO2||financing||share of|
|.||2000, per capita||since 2000||per capita||Climate Debt|
|Bosnia and H.||50.5||$8.06||$0.00||0.00%|
¹Fossil CO2 Emissions include all anthropogenic emissions from Fossil Fuel (combustion and production) and from industrial processes (cement, steel, liming, urea and ammonia production or consumption). The uncertainty in Fossil CO2 emissions is below 5% for industrialized countries and below 15% for developing countries.CO2 Emissions from international shipping and aviation (bunkers) are not included.
²The Free Emission Level (green bars) is determined by national CO2 Emissions 1990-1999 (base), and 11 more ‘Indicators‘, of which 7 are national and 4 are global.
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