The diagram below shows ‘Share of global Climate Debt‘ in 2010, 2015 and 2017 of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Romania and Lebanon (ranked 64th, 65th and 66th). The shares of Romania and Lebanon are ups and downs, while the share of Bosnia and Herzegovina is steadier.
The following exposes the key-data in the Climate Debt calculations: Fossil CO2 Emissions, GDP, Environmental Performance, Ecological Footprint without carbon, Forest Cover, Primary Forests, Nuclear Power, Population trends and climate change financing. For comparison, Ecuador, Uzbekistan and Cyprus (ranked 67th, 68th, and 69th in Share of global Climate Debt) are included in some diagrams.
The ‘Per capita Climate Debt‘ accumulated since 2000 of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Romania and Lebanon are $749, $127 and $334, respectively. The second diagram shows the trends between 2010 and 2017, with world average set at 100, for the three countries as well as of Ecuador, Uzbekistan and Cyprus. The per capita Climate Debt ranking by October 2017 is shown in brackets.
The next three diagrams show Fossil CO2 Emissions from fuels and industrial processes¹, in tons per capita in decades, of the Bosnia and Herzegovina, Romania and Lebanon. The green bars show the Free Emission Level² – the exceedance is the basis for calculating the national Climate Debt. The grey bars are World emissions average.
CO2 Emissions data 1990-2016 (EDGAR) has been updated October 2017.
The three diagrams below show the per capita Fossil CO2 Emissions from fuels and industrial processes¹, annually since 2000, of the three countries. The green bars show the Free Emission Level². The growing emissions of Bosnia and Herzegovina is irresponsible, while Romania’s reductions are nearly acceptable and Lebanon’s is ups and downs.
The diagram below shows per capita GDP(ppp-$) of the six countries and the World average. The wealth of Romania is double the wealth of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The next diagram shows the relative Environmental Performance of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Romania and Lebanon, with an average World country set at 100. [Added 25-1-2018: See the new ‘Environmental Performance Index 2018‘]
The average per capita Ecological Footprint without carbon, between 2000 and 2013, with an average World country set at 100, of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Romania and Lebanon are 97, 97 and 91, respectively. Release years are about four years after data years. Note that footprint calculation methods have changed over time. The latest and historic details from the source are available here: ‘Bosnia and Herzegovina‘, ‘Romania‘ and ‘Lebanon‘.
Forest Cover and the precious Primary Forests as percentage of total land area, in 1990 and 2015, are both indicators in ClimatePositions. Bosnia and Herzegovina and Lebanon have relatively stable values, while Romania’s Forest Cover grew by 2.1% of total land area.
The per capita Nuclear Power generation 2000-2016 of Romania, South Africa and China is shown below (the per capita ranking is shown in brackets). In the calculation of Climate Debt, Nuclear Power must be phased out similar to Fossil Fuels, calculated as if Nuclear Power was oil-generated. Had Romania phased out Nuclear Power accordingly (without changing the other indicators), then the Climate Debt would have been 29.3% smaller.
The diagrams below show Population density 2016 and growth between 2000 and 2016. Bosnia and Herzegovina and Romania have declining Populations, whereas Lebanon has an extreme growth with a density more than 10 times World average. The Populations of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Romania and Lebanon are about 3.5, 19.7 and 6.0 million, respectively.
Finally, the table below shows four key values of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Romania, Lebanon, Ecuador, Uzbekistan and Cyprus in the calculation of national Climate Debts in ClimatePositions. The price of CO2 per ton (column two) is for total CO2 Emission from Fossil Fuels (without bunkers) and industrial processes. Climate change financing (column three) is from July 2017.
|.||Tons of CO2||Price per||Climate change||Financing as|
|.||exceeded since||ton CO2||financing||share of|
|.||2000, per capita||since 2000||per capita||Climate Debt|
|Bosnia and H.||50.5||$8.06||$0.00||0.00%|
¹Fossil CO2 Emissions include all anthropogenic emissions from Fossil Fuel (combustion and production) and from industrial processes (cement, steel, liming, urea and ammonia production or consumption). The uncertainty in Fossil CO2 emissions is below 5% for industrialized countries and below 15% for developing countries.CO2 Emissions from international shipping and aviation (bunkers) are not included.
²The Free Emission Level (green bars) is determined by national CO2 Emissions 1990-1999 (base), and 11 more ‘Indicators‘, of which 7 are national and 4 are global.
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