The diagram below shows ‘Share of global Climate Debt‘ in 2010, 2015 and 2017 of Vietnam, Mongolia and Gabon (ranked 73rd, 74th and 75th). The shares of Vietnam and Mongolia are both growing continuously. Vietnam and Gabon had zero Climate Debt in 2010.
The following exposes the key-data in the Climate Debt calculations: Fossil CO2 Emissions, GDP, Environmental Performance, Ecological Footprint without carbon, Forest Cover, Primary Forests, Population trends and climate change financing. For comparison, Tunisia, Bahamas and Jordan (ranked 76th, 77th, and 78th in Share of global Climate Debt) are included in some diagrams.
The ‘Per capita Climate Debt‘ accumulated since 2000 of Vietnam, Mongolia and Gabon are $11, $294 and $403, respectively. The second diagram shows the trends between 2010 and 2017, with world average set at 100, for the three countries as well as of Tunisia, Bahamas and Jordan. The per capita Climate Debt ranking by October 2017 is shown in brackets.
The next three diagrams show Fossil CO2 Emissions from fuels and industrial processes¹, in tons per capita in decades, of Vietnam, Mongolia and Gabon. The green bars show the Free Emission Level² – the exceedance is the basis for calculating the national Climate Debt. The grey bars are World emissions average.
CO2 Emissions data 1990-2016 (EDGAR) has been updated October 2017.
The three diagrams below show the per capita Fossil CO2 Emissions from fuels and industrial processes¹, annually since 2000, of the three countries. The green bars show the Free Emission Level². The Vietnamese emissions growth-rate is nearly acceptable and the Mongolian growth since 2006 is disastrous. Gabon’s reductions between 2004 and 2007 are far from sufficient overall.
The diagram below shows per capita GDP(ppp-$) of the six countries and the World average. The wealth of Gabon is 2.8 times greater than the wealth of Vietnam.
The next diagram shows the relative Environmental Performance of Vietnam, Mongolia and Gabon, with an average World country set at 100. [Added 25-1-2018: See the new ‘Environmental Performance Index 2018‘]
The average per capita Ecological Footprint without carbon, between 2000 and 2013, with an average World country set at 100, of Vietnam, Mongolia and Gabon are 60, 242 and 110, respectively. Release years are about four years after data years. The Climate Debt of Mongolia would have been 12.9% smaller with World average footprint. Note that footprint calculation methods have changed over time. See the latest and historic details of ‘Vietnam‘ from the source (data on Mongolia and Gabon are missing at the site).
Forest Cover and the precious Primary Forests as percentage of total land area, in 1990 and 2015, are important indicators in ClimatePositions. Vietnam’s Forest Cover grew dramatically, however, the small Primary Forests are nearly gone. About all the Mongolian forests are Primary Forests. Gabon increased the impressive Forest Cover even further, however, simultaneously reduced the precious Primary Forests by 39%. Had Gabon preserved about 90% of its Primary Forests, then the Climate Debt would have been zero today.
The diagrams below show Population density 2016 and growth between 2000 and 2016. Vietnam’s density is 5.1 times higher than World average. The Populations of Vietnam, Mongolia and Gabon are about 92.7, 3.0 and 2.0 million, respectively.
Finally, the table below shows four key values of Vietnam, Mongolia, Gabon, Tunisia, Bahamas and Jordan in the calculation of national Climate Debts in ClimatePositions. The price of CO2 per ton (column two) is for total CO2 Emission from Fossil Fuels (without bunkers) and industrial processes. Climate change financing (column three) is from July 2017.
|.||Tons of CO2||Price per||Climate change||Financing as|
|.||exceeded since||ton CO2||financing||share of|
|.||2000, per capita||since 2000||per capita||Climate Debt|
¹Fossil CO2 Emissions include all anthropogenic emissions from Fossil Fuel (combustion and production) and from industrial processes (cement, steel, liming, urea and ammonia production or consumption). The uncertainty in Fossil CO2 emissions is below 5% for industrialized countries and below 15% for developing countries.CO2 Emissions from international shipping and aviation (bunkers) are not included.
²The Free Emission Level (green bars) is determined by national CO2 Emissions 1990-1999 (base), and 11 more ‘Indicators‘, of which 7 are national and 4 are global.
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