Climate change performance of Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan

Climate change performance of Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan


0.7% of the global population lives in Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan or Tajikistan, and together they emitted 0.6% of the global CO2 from fossil fuels in 2012. Turkmenistan’s updated Climate Debt per capita is $1,394 and Uzbekistan’s is $84. Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan are both Contribution Free (no Climate Debt). See the ‘ranking’ of 147 countries by November 2014. The following examines the CO2 Emissions (carbon dioxide from fossil fuels), GDP(ppp-$) and Climate Debt as a percentage of GDP.

The four diagrams below show the CO2 Emissions per capita in decades of Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan in comparison with the world average (the grey bars). The green bars show the Contribution Free Level in ClimatePositions – the Free Level is calculated on the basis of the level of CO2 Emissions in 1990s and a number of continuously updated ‘indicators‘. If the black bars exceed the green bars, on average, then the country has a Climate Debt.

CO2 in decades, Turkmenistan..

CO2 in decades, Uzbekistan

CO2 in decades, Kyrgyzstan

CO2 in decades, Tajikistan

The next four diagrams show the CO2 Emissions per capita 2000-2013 (2013-emissions are preliminary estimates). The Turkmen increase of emissions is in the champion’s league of climate destruction.

CO2, Turkmenistan

CO2, Uzbekistan

CO2, Kyrgyzstan

CO2, Tajikistan

The GDP(ppp-$) per capita since 2000 of the same four countries, China and the world average, is shown in the diagram below. Turkmenistan is now close to the world average.

GDP, Turk, Uzb, Kyr, Taji, China

The last diagram shows the Climate Debt per capita as an percentage of GDP(ppp-$), annually since 2000, of Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, China, Russia and Iran. The devastating Turkmen performance is ranked 10th among 147 countries and Uzbekistan is 55th. See the ‘ranking‘.

Climate Debt as share of GDP, Turk., Uzb., China, Russia, Iran


A hypothetical example: If a Global Climate Fund included only Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan, and the first two paid their Climate Debt (in ClimatePositions) then the fund would hold $9.4 billion.


Source on CO2 Emissions: EIA, U.S. Energy Information Administration and data on preliminary national CO2 Emissions are from Global Carbon Project (links in the menu “Calculations”). 
Information on national GDP(ppp-$) per capita: Worldbank (links in the menu “Calculations”).
Drawing by Claus Andersen, 2015.

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